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In New Zealand, Highland Cattle have traditionally been a breed that has been embraced by lifestylers.
Well-grown heifer calves are capable of becoming pregnant from about 6 months of age. Bull calves can be fertile from about the same age.
Primitive cattle needed horns to fight off predators and to sort out social ranking within the herd. Bulls needed them in their death fights for the 'king' bull status.
Research now 60 years old showed that poorly-reared young stock will carry this burden into later life.
Artificial Breeding (AB) and Artificial Insemination (AI) are the same thing. The term AB is only used in New Zealand and Australia. The rest of the world uses AI.
Always give intramuscular injections in the neck of cattle. Your veterinarian should know about this meat industry requirement.
If you have not reared your weaners you will have to organise time to buy from the market or a reputable calf rearing enterprise.
Cows with low magnesium run the risk of loss of production, going down at calving with “grass staggers” and death, at a time when you can least afford these losses.